Men vs Women in the East – A different Perspective

25 Jul

Men & Women in their relationships, both have a role to play and should try to be patient & absorbing in dealing with things.

Not undermining the sacrifices by the women, who leave their families to settle down in a new environment, I criticise the NGOs & media that instead of helping them settle down, rather motivate them to keep complaining & asking for more & more, which eventually in many cases results in up-rooting / increased number of divorces & split families.

 

As per my exposure to western lifestyle, I understand that the west has already lost their key social norms due to breakup of family structures, NOW they’re bent upon spoiling eastern as well.

 

Now that the plight of women is being hyped, lets see some of things from a different dimension.

Before enumerating few points, I accept & recommend that Men as heads of families should be taking wives’ grievances as well, so as to let them feel good, and at some other time try making them understand the facts of life.

 

Men in east also have a challenging life; challenges start with the morning waking up alarm everyday;

1. ensuring availability of stuff for breakfast,

2. kids school needs,

3. deal with wife/mother’s demands vis-a-vis resources,

4. stuff for the entire day,

5. dropping the kids off to schools,

6. dealing with traffic hazards/interacting with casual drivers, pillion riders, Rickshaw wallas, pedestrians, etc,

7. dealing with office co-workers, seniors & juniors,

8. various types of customers (who may expect your response just the way they feel like, not catering for anybody having personal issues),

9. dealing with friends & relatives of all sorts, and

10. the list goes on & on…..

 

Whereas western media has tried to depict the eastern women as oppressed community, they’re rather the prized ones, as they’ve to deal with their husbands as one-window operation for all their physical & emotional needs as well as complaints.

The husbands normally act as shock absorbers for their families.

 

I hope some day somebody creates a men’s rights NGO, just to make sure facts are seen in proper perspective by all members of society.

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Celebration on 12th Rabi-ul-Awal – An Analysis

25 Jul

For people who believe in Quran & Authentic Hadith:

Quran tells us in Surah Al-Maidah:3 “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”. Can we improve it by adding Eids at our own?

The Authentic Hadith tells us practice of celebration of every MONDAY by Prophet Muhammad PBUH as His birthday, and he celebrated this by FASTING every MONDAY. Reference:Abu Qatada al-Ansari narrates in Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-siyam. Are we escaping weekly fasting difficulty by making it a baseless annual event?

Another Hadith tells us that Abu Jahal gets a sweet syrup from between his two fingers of right hand, every Monday (while in the Jahannam) with which fingers he freed his slave, as a thanks-giving on occasion of Prophet Muhammad’s birth.

As far as 12 Rabi-ul-Awal is concerned, the best available links tell us its authenticity more as the date of His ‘Wisaal’. More of authentic references tell us that DOB was either 8 or 9 Rabi-ul-Awal. Even till a few decades, even in Pakistan this day was remembered as ‘Wisaal’ day, or ‘Wafaat’ day.

The public celebrations of the birth of Muhammad did not occur until four centuries after his death.

Hadith – Abu Dawood #1134, 1/675, Narrated by Anas Bin Malik tells us that The Prophet Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said, ‘Allah has replaced (earlier practiced days of recreation in Madni) with two better days: Eid Al Adhaa and Eid Al-Fitr’. Can we add Eids from our own side?

Another fact is that the Prophet PBUH, or first four Caliphs, or other Sahaaba RA didn’t celebrate it as an annual event. Rather they didn’t celebrate anybody’s annual birthday or date of death, let them be the Prophet’s dearest children or wives Khadija’s departure or Ayesha’s birthday.

Do we claim to be better Muslims than them?

As far as I understand, such traditions have infiltrated in our societies, to give us false satisfaction of practicing religion(in shortcut) and ignoring the practical aspects of making our own lives, treating others and building a system of Government, as per teachings given in Quran & Sunnah. I attribute above to the current downfall scenario of Muslims all over the world.

I pray to Almighty to guide us all towards the right path. Ameen.

Brief account of Baloch Issue in Pakistan

25 Jul

Starting from Bhutto up to Musharraf. everybody somehow tried to develop Balochistan so that the fruit of modern facilities may be shared with common people.

The problem is that the fuedals don’t want to share the natural wealthy resources with the govt / masses. Let it be in Balochistan, Sindh, Punjab or KP.

Now, Sardars in Balochistan, though educated in west haven’t allowed any sort of education in the province and still want their people to remain their subjects as they were 100 years back. They have so much of weapons (with outside support), that they are always ready to fight with law enforcement agencies, because they want to keep their feudal laws intact and not accept any organisation to work for empowerment of common people, who they still think are their property.

We also know that they got weapons / other support via Kabul, and everybody knows the control of US, Russia & India over Kabul, during various regimes.

Knowing all above, instead of just pointing fingers at culprits, we need to devise a strategy forward. We need to know as to what the aims of outsiders are, and how to encounter them in our favour. We need to take such steps as to make sure that feudals all over the country, including the out-lawed Sardars are asked to adhere to the Constitution and drop their weapons.

They need to understand that if they’re given a chance to rule independently, with outside support, they will be even more vulnerable & un-safe.

The principle of DIVIDE-N-RULE was effected by Britian 200 years ago. Since then, they got control over any territory which had abundant natural resources by making them smaller and in-defensible by their local govt. Thus, they got control over most part of the world.

God forbid, if such thing happens in Balochistan, its fate won’t be different from small states in Gulf. It won’t have any say or control of its own people, rather west sponsored rulers will be made to obey the instructions of their remote rulers.

Whenever any ruler tries to cross his prescribed limits, the western covertly gets the regime change, so that people are made calm for another 40 years or so.

Muslim Brother’s way of treating women

25 Jul

Love her …when she sips on your coffee or tea. She only wants to make sure it tastes just right for you.

 

 

Love her…when she “pushes” you to pray. She wants to be with you in Jannah (Paradise).

 

 

 

Love her…when she asks you to play with the kids. She did not “make” them on her own.

 

Love her…when she is jealous. Out of all the men she can have, she chose you

 

 

Love her…when she has annoying little habits that drives you nuts. You have them too.

 

 

Love her…when her cooking is bad. She tries.

 

 

Love her…when she looks dishevelled in the morning. She always grooms herself up again.

 

 

Love her…when she asks to help with the kids homework. She only wants you to be part of the home.

 

 

Love her…when she asks if she looks fat. Your opinion counts, so tell her she’s beautiful.

 

 

Love her…when she looks beautiful. She’s yours so appreciate her.

 

 

Love her…when she spends hours to get ready. She only wants to look her best for you.

 

 

Love her…when she buys you gifts you don’t like. Smile and tell her it’s what you’ve always wanted.

 

 

Love her…when she has developed a bad habit. You have many more and with wisdom and politeness you have all the time to help her change. Love her…when she cries for absolutely nothing. Don’t ask, tell her its going to be okay

 

 

Love her…when she suffers from PMS. Buy chocolate, rub her feet and back, cook for her and just chat to her (trust me this works!)

 

 

Love her…when whatever you do is not pleasing. It happens and will pass

 

 

Love her…when she stains your clothes. You needed a new thobe (kurta) anyway

 

 

Love her…when she tells you how to drive. She only wants you to be safe.

 

 

Love her…when she argues. She only wants to make things right for both

 

 

Love her…she is yours. You don’t need any other special reason!!!!

 

 

All this forms part of a Woman’s Character. Women are part of your life and should be treated as the Queen.

 

 

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) advised concerning the woman:

 

 

• Treat the women well.

 

 

• The best of you are those who are the best in the treatment of their wives.

The Prohibition Of Nationalism In Islam

25 Jul

FOR THOSE WHO SEEK TO COME OUT OF ‘JAHILIYYA’ BY GUIDANCE FROM QURAN & HADITH.

 

Nationalism is a concept alien to Islam because it calls for unity based on ethnicity, family and tribalistic ties, whereas Islam binds people together on the `Aqeedah, that is belief in Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saaw). Islam calls for the ideological bond.

Grouping the Muslims on tribalistic lines is clearly forbidden. It is narrated by Abu Da’wud that the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said,

“He is not one us who calls for `Asabiyyah, (nationalism/tribalism) or who fights for `Asabiyyah or who dies for `Asbiyyah.”

And in another Hadith, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) referring to nationalism, racism, and patriotism said:

“Leave it, it is rotten.” [Muslim and Bukhari] and in the Hadith recorded in Mishkat al-Masabith, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said,

“He who calls for `Asbiyyah is as if he bit his father’s genitals”

Also, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said, narrated by At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud,

“There are indeed people who boast of their dead ancestors; but in the sight of Allah they are more contemptible than the black beetle that rolls a piece of dung with its nose. Behold, Allah has removed from you the arrogance of the Time of Jahiliyyah (Ignorance) with its boast of ancestral glories. Man is but an Allah-fearing believer or an unfortunate sinner. All people are the children of Adam, and Adam was created out of dust.”

Also, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said,

“Undoubtedly Allah has removed from you the pride of arrogance of the age of Jahilliyah (ignorance) and the glorification of ancestors. Now people are of two kinds. Either believers who are aware or transgressors who do wrong. You are all the children of Adam and Adam was made of clay. People should give up their pride in nations because that is a coal from the coals of Hell-fire. If they do not give this up Allah (swt) will consider them lower than the lowly worm which pushes itself through Khara (dung).” [Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi]

There are many examples in the Seerah where the Messenger of Allah (saaw) had rebuked those who upheld nationalism. One one occasion a party of Jews conspired to bring about disunity in the ranks of the Muslims after seeing the Aus and Khazraj within Islam. A youth from amongst them was sent to incite remembrance of the battle of Bu’ath where the Aus had been victorious over the Khazraj, and he recited poetry to bring about division between them. As a result there was a call to arms.

When the news reached the Messenger of Allah (saaw), he (saaw) said,

“O Muslims, remember Allah, remember Allah. Will you act as pagans while I am present with you after Allah has guided you to Islam, and honored you thereby and made a clean break with paganism; delivered you thereby from disbelief; and made you friends thereby?”

When they heard this they wept, and embraced each other. This incident clearly highlights how the messenger of Allah (saaw) rebuked any forms of tribalism. Allah (swt) then revealed,

“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and die not except in a state of Islam with complete submission to Allah. And hold fast, all of you together, to the rope of Allah (i.e. Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves; and remember with gratitude Allah’s favors on you; for you were enemies and He joined your hearts in love, so that by His Grace you became brothers; and you were on the brink of the pit of fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah make His signs clear to you that you may be guided.” [Surah Al’Imran (3); ayah 102-103]

It is narrated by Qatada that Ibnu Abi Hathim said that in the verses quoted above Allah (swt) has ordered the Muslims to hold fast to the book of Allah, His Deen, and to his covenant, and He has forbidden the Muslims to divide amongst themselves and to dispute with each other.

In another incident, Jabir ibn `Abd Allah al Ansari, narrated what happened at the watering place of al Muraysi which led to the Munafiqun stirring up the traces of `Asabiyyah and seeking to destroy the unity of the Muslims. He said: “We were on a raid when one of the Muhajirun kicked one of the Ansar. The Ansar said, `O Ansar! Help me! (calling his tribe) and the Muhajir said, `O Muhajirun! Help me! (calling his tribe). The Messenger of Allah (saaw) heard them and said,

“Why are you stirring up something which belongs to Jahilliyah?”

The Messenger of Allah (saaw) did not deal with the situation only by speaking to his men, but he walked with the men all that day until nightfall, and through the night until morning and during the following day until the sun distressed them. Then he halted them, and as soon as they touched the ground, they fell asleep. He did this to distract their minds from what had transpired.

It is transmitted by at-Tabarani and al-Hakim that in one incident some people spoke very lowly about Salman al-Farsi. They spoke of the inferiority of the Persian in relation to the Arabs, and upon hearing this the Messenger of Allah (saaw) declared,

“Salman is from us, the ahl al-bayt (the Prophet’s family).”

This statement of the Messenger of Allah (saaw) disassociates all links based on lineage and tribal considerations.

It was also transmitted, in two different versions, by Ibn al-Mubarak in his two books, Al-Birr and As-Salah, that some disagreement occurred between Abu Dharr and Bilal and Abu Dharr said to Bilal, “You son of a black woman.” The Messenger of Allah (saaw) was extremely upset by Abu Dharr’s comment, so he (saaw) rebuked him by saying,

“That is too much, Abu Dharr. He who has a white mother has no advantage which makes him better than the son of a black mother.”

This rebuke had a profound effect on Abu Dharr, who then put his head on the ground swearing that he would not raise it until Bilal had put his foot over it.

These incidents demonstrate that tribal ties have no place in Islam. Muslims are commanded to stick together and not to disassociate themselves from each other just because they come from different tribes. The Messenger of Allah (saaw) also said,

“The believers, in their love, mutual kindness, and close ties, are like one body; when any part complains, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever.” [Muslim],

“The faithful are like one man: if his eyes suffers, his whole body suffers.” [Muslim],

“An Arab is no better than a non-Arab. In return, a non-Arab is no better than an Arab. A red raced man was not better than a black one except in piety. Mankind are all Adam’s children and Adam was created out of clay.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim, on the authority of Abu Musa]

Meaning that the Muslims, whether they are of Chinese, African, European or Asian origin, are one Ummah and they cannot be separated from each other. No tribalistic ties should ever break their unity.

Furthermore, Allah (swt), says,

The Faithful are but brothers…” [Surah Al-Hujurat (49): ayah 10]

And the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said,

“The Faithful are to one another like [parts of] a building – each part strengthening the others”

and

“Every Muslim is a brother to a Muslim, neither wronging him nor allowing him to be wronged. And if anyone helps his brother in need, Allah will help him in his own need; and if anyone removes a calamity from [another] Muslim, Allah will remove from him some of the calamities of the Day of Resurrection; and if anyone shields [another] Muslim from disgrace, Allah will shield him from the disgrace on the Day of Resurrection.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim, on the authority of `Abd Allah ibn `Umar]

Some people claim that the Messenger of Allah (saaw) approved of nationalism because during the migration to Madinah, he (saaw) said about Makkah with tears in his (saaw) eyes,

“You are the most beloved land of Allah to me.”

However, this saying has nothing to do with nationalism, and this can be seen from the full saying which people often do not quote,

“You are the most beloved land of Allah to me because you are the most beloved land of Allah to Allah.”

The Messenger of Allah’s (saaw) lover for Makkah was based on the noble status that Allah (swt) has given to Makkah, and not because he (saaw) was born there. All Muslims should have this love and affection for Makkah because it is the most beloved land in the sight of Allah (swt). After all, the Muslims pray towards Makkah and go there to perform Hajj there as it houses the Ka’ba. The above saying of the Messenger of Allah (saaw) therefore has nothing to do with nationalism. If Rasoolillah (saaw) and the Muhajireen amongst the Sahabah (raa) were tied to the homeland (of Makkah), they would have settled in Makkah after it became part of the Islamic State.

Not only does Islam forbid people from grouping on nationalistic ties, but it also prohibits the establishment of more than one state, whether these states are based on nationalism or otherwise. The only state that is allowed for the Muslims is the Islamic State, which is a state that is governed exclusively by Islam. Allah (swt) addressed the Messenger (saaw),

“And rule between them by that which Allah revealed to you, and do not follow their vain desires away from the truth which came to you” [Surah Al-Madinah (5): ayah 48]

and,

“And rule between them by that which Allah revealed to you and do not follow their whims, and beware (be on the alert) that they may deviate you away from even some part of what Allah revealed to you.” [Surah Al-Maidah (5): ayah 49]

The speech of Allah (swt) to the Messenger (saaw) is a speech to his (saaw) Ummah unless specific evidence comes to restrict this. In this case, there is no such restriction, and so it becomes obligatory for the Muslims to rule according to Islam. And ruling according to Islam leaves no room for nationalistic constitutions whatsoever because what is applied, and what forms the criteria for judgement, is the Book of Allah (swt) and the Sunnah of the Messenger (saaw).

 

This unity of the Muslims was clearly highlighted in the document that the Messenger of Allah (saaw) wrote when he established the Islamic State in Madinah. In this document, which was to regulate the relationships of Muslims and non-Muslims in the Islamic State, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said regarding the Muslims,

“Allah’s covenant amongst them is one” and “The Believers are brothers to the exclusion of others” and “The peace of the believers is indivisible. No separate peace shall be made with believers are fighting in the way of Allah.”

These statements serve to indicate that Muslims are one body and they are not to be treated separately. Furthermore, the obligation of having one state, and not many nationalistic states, also comes from the Ijma’ of the Sahabah. When the Messenger of Allah (saaw) died, the Sahabah (raa) convened to discuss the appointment of the Khalifah in the courtyard of Bani Sa’ida. One person had proposed that the Ansar should elect their own Amir and the Muhajireen their own, but Abu Bakr (ra) narrated the Hadith that forbids the Ummah from having more than one leader. Thus, the Sahabah (raa) never allowed more than one ruler and their consensus is a legitimate evidence for us.

. Islam calls for one state with one ruler where all Muslims are bound by the `Aqeedah of Islam. And this is a matter deciddd by Islam to which we must submit to, for Allah (swt) says,

“O mankind, verily We have created you from a male and a female, and made you peoples and tribes, so that you may recognize each other. Verily, the most honored of you to Allah is (he who) safeguards himself against evil with full awareness of Divine Laws. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” [Surah Al Hujurat (49): ayah 13]

This verse was revealed immediately after the triumphant entry of the Prophet (saaw) into Makkah. After the declaration of immunity to the Quraysh, the Prophet (saaw) requested Bilal (ra) to give the Adhan. A group of three new Muslims were observing the proceedings when Bilal (ra) was asked to make the Adhan. One of them remarked how happy he was that his parents were not present to see such a disgusting sight. Another one, Harith bin Hisham commented that the Prophet (saaw) couldn’t find anybody other than a black crow to make the Adhan. The third one, Abu Sufyan, abstained from making any adverse comment, stating that if he said anything, Allah (swt) would send a revelation to Muhammad (saaw) addressing his statement.

Allah (swt) sent Jibreel (as) to inform the Prophet (saaw) of the discussion that had just taken place. The prophet (saaw) asked the three men about their conversation, who confirmed to the Prophet (saaw) what Jibreel (as) told him. The verse of the Qur’an was subsequently revealed.

Because these individuals from the Quraysh were differentiating between themselves and Bilal (ra), Allah (swt) revealed this verse, concluding that the only criteria that Allah (swt) uses to judge between Muslims is that of Taqwa, which Bilal (ra) had and of which they were devoid of. This verse destroys the basis of nationalism in Islam.

In the first part of the Ayah, Allah (swt) revealed to humanity that all human beings were created from a single pair – Adam and Eve. This statement clearly refutes any claim of certain people that humans came from animals through the process of evolution or any other such claim.

The part of the Ayah, “..and made you peoples and tribes, so that you may know each other…” is usually misinterpreted as `nations and tribes’ to justify the differences created by the existing borders, specifically in the Muslim World. In addition, such misinterpretations are also used to encourage Muslims to foster pride in these affiliations.

Unfortunately, these Muslims quickly jump to conclusions without looking at what Allah (swt) says. The errant understanding of this Ayah attempts to legitimize the current situation of the Muslim Ummah as many nations – divided and powerless – resulting from the destruction of the Khilafah state on March 3rd, 1924 by the puppet of the Kuffar, Mustafa Kamal.

Furthermore, such a misunderstanding lends legitimacy to the continued division of the already divided Muslim lands that and the renting asunder of the last Islamic Khilafah by the British agent Sykes and the French agent Picot during World War I in which they used the pencil and ruler to divide the Muslim Ummah.

“It is not for a believer (male or female) that when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any choice in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in plain error.” [Surah Al-Ahzab (33): ayah 36]

And those who still uphold nationalism, remember what Allah (swt) says, “And let those who oppose the Messenger’s commandment beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials,afflictions,…) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.” [Surah An-Nur (24): ayah 63]

Find out WHY… All Muslims are obliged to start Ramadhan on the same day…No matter where the moon is sighted

25 Jul

All Muslims are obliged to start Ramadhan and celebrate Eid on the same day…

If a Muslim country announces that the sighting of a new moon has been confirmed according to the lawful way – for the beginning of Ramadhan or for the day of Eid – then you have to fast or celebrate. It is forbidden to wait for a ruler or scholar in your part of the world to give you permission to fast or celebrate.

WHY?

Because this is what Allah [s] and the Prophet [s] ordered

To prove this is the case we have to look at…

• The Quran

• The Sunnah

What we can’t look at to prove things are Islamic, are …

• Our emotions

• What people think

• What most people are doing

• What is normal is our community

• What the tradition is.

Remember what Ibn Masud (r) said:

“The jama’a is truth [haq] even if it is one person”.

The Qur’an says…

“Whoever witnesses the crescent of the month, he must fast the month.” [2:185]

“They ask you about the crescents. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in the affairs of men and for pilgrimage.” [2:189]

The Prophet [s] mentioned Ramadhan and with a gesture of his hands said: “The month is thus and thus.

(He then withdrew His thumb at the third time indicating 29).”

He then said: “Fast when you see it, and break your fast when you see it. And if the weather is cloudy do calculate it (the months of Shaban and Shawwal) as thirty days.” [Muslim]

He also said;

“Do not fast till you see the new moon, and do not break fast till you see it; but if the weather is cloudy complete it (thirty

days).” [Bukhari]

“The month consists of 29 nights, so do not fast till you have sighted it (the new moon), and if the weather were cloudy, then complete it as thirty days.” [Bukhari]

“The month of Ramadhan may consist of twenty-nine days. So do not fast until you have sighted it (the new moon) and do not break fast, until you have sighted it (the new moon of Shawwal), and if the sky is cloudy for you, then complete it (thirty days).” [Muslim]

“The month of Ramadhan may consist of twenty-nine days; so when you see the new moon observe fast and when you see (the new moon again of Shawwal) then break it. And if the sky is cloudy for you, then calculate it (and complete thirty days).” [Muslim]

These narrations are very clear. The Qur’an and the Prophet [s] order us to fast when the sighting of the new moon of Ramadhan is confirmed, and order us to break the fast and celebrate Eid when the sighting of the new moon of Shawwal is confirmed.

We have to follow these orders of the Quran and the Prophet [s]. We would be sinful if we didn’t. Just like we would be sinful if we didn’t listen to the Quran and Prophet [s] for another order like praying salah.

The command to fast is general so it applies to everyone – no matter where they live When the Qur’an and Prophet [s] order us to fast or celebrate Eid – they are ordering every Muslim – everywhere in the world.

In the hadith, the Prophet [s] commands us to fast using the word ‘sumu’- ‘do fast’. This word is in the plural form which means the command is general and comprehensive.

This means that it applies to all Muslims, no matter where they live.

“Do fast [sumuw] when it is sighted and break fast when it is sighted.”

In the hadith, the Prophet [s] commands us to fast using the word ‘ruyateh’ – ‘sighting’. This word is general.

This means that Muslims have to fast after any legitimate sighting of the moon regardless of where the moon was sighted.

“Do fast when it is sighted [ru’yateh] and break fast when it is sighted.”

Even the Prophet (s) used to begin fasting when he had not personally seen the moon, but a Muslim had told him that he had seen it.

Ibn Umar (r) reported, “During the time of the Prophet (s), the companions went looking for the new crescent. So I told the Prophet (s) that I saw it. So he fasted and told the companions to fast.” [Abu Dawud & Hakim]

So if the moon was sighted in Morocco do Muslims in Indonesia fast? – YES

And the people here in Jakarta – Indonesia, can’t see it – they still have to fast the same time as the Muslims in Rabat.

And if they don’t get the news in time to fast the same morning then they have to make up that fast after Eid.

If the people here in Rabat – Morocco, see the moon on Friday night During the life of the Prophet [s] the

Muslims used to start the fast on the same day and break it on the same day, despite the fact that they lived in different

areas. This is another Islamic evidence that the sighting of the new moon in one area obliges all the Muslims to fast together on the same day and celebrate Eid on the same day.

Here’s what some scholars said about every Muslim fasting

Ibn Taymiyyah:

“…a person who learns about the sighting of the moon in good time to be able to utilise it for fasting, for ending his fast, or for sacrifice, he must definitely do so.

The texts [of Islam] and the reports about the Salaf point to this. To limit this to a certain distance or country would contradict both the reason and the Islamic law.” [Al-Fatawa, volume 5, page 111]

The famous Hanafi scholar Imam Sarkhasi (died 483 A.H.) quotes the narration from Abu Dawud (2333, 2334) that;

The Muslims did not begin fasting since they did not see the moon. Then a man, from out of Madinah, came and

told the Prophet [s] that he had seen it (the moon). The Prophet [s] asked him if he was a Muslim to which the man answered ‘yes’. The Prophet [s] then said: “Allahu-Akbar! one is enough for all Muslims” The Prophet[s] fasted and asked the people to stop eating and start fasting. [Al-Mabsout 3-52]

WHAT IF THE NEWS REACHES US TOO LATE TO FAST ON THE SAME MORNING?

This has also been answered in the ahadith.

It is also reported in an authentic hadith: Abu ‘Umayr ibn Anas reported from his paternal uncles among the Ansaar who said: “It was cloudy and we could not see the new moon of Shawwaal, so we started the day fasting, then a caravan came at the end of the day and told the Messenger [s] that they had seen the new moon of Shawwaal the day before, so he told the people to stop fasting, and they went out to pray the Eid prayer the next day.”

Deobandi Scholars

Founding and well known scholars of the Deobandi movement of the Indian subcontinent have clearly said this is the correct view. It’s a pity that many who follow them don’t follow their rulings.

The co-founder of Dar al-Uloom Deoband, Maulana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi said:

“If the people of Calcutta sighted the moon in Friday, whereas it was sighted in Makkah on Thursday, but the people of Calcutta did not know of it (the sighting on Thursday); then whenever they come to know of this, it will be obligatory for them to celebrate eid with the people of Makkah and make up (Qada’) for the first fasting.” [Sharh Tirmizi), Kaukab un Durri, pg 336 Urdu edition].

“Wherever the sighting is confirmed, however far off it may be, even if it were to be thousands of miles; the people of this place will have to abide by that.” [Fatawa Dar ul Uloom Deoband, Vol. 6 page 380, Urdu edition]

QUESTION:

There has been some dispute in Amritsar etc. regarding sighting of moon for Ramdhan and Eid ul fitr. So should we the residents of Mandla (CP), which is located very far off, follow that sighting or not?

ANSWER:

In the maslak of Hanafiyyah, there is no consideration of difference in sighting – the sighting of the people of east is binding upon the people of the west and vice versa. This is also demanded by the hadith: “Fast when it is sighted and stop fasting when it is sighted”, because the address ‘fast ‘ and ‘stop fast’ is general and for everyone. In conclusion, when sighting is confirmed in whichever place, everyone is supposed to start his fast and break it in accordance with it, i.e when the sighting is confirmed.” [Fatawa Dar ul Uloom Deoband, Vol. 6 page 385-386, Urdu edition]

“Irrespective of how far the news of sighting came from, it is to be relied upon. For instance if the people of Burma did not sight the moon, and a person from Bombay testifies to them of having sighted the moon; it will be incumbent upon the people of Burma to make up for the (first) fasting i.e. Qada’.” [Mufti Kifayat ullah, Ta’leem ul Islam, vol. 4, section sighting of moon: Urdu edition] “When the moon is sighted in one place it is not just for that region but for the entire world.” [Maulana Amjad Ali, Bahar e Sharee’at, Vol 2]

Bareylvi Opinion

The founder of the Barylevi movement, Maulana Ahmad Raza Khan, said:

“In the correct and authentic mazhab of our Imams, with regard to the sighting of moon for Ramdhan and Eid, distance of the place of sighting is of no consideration. The sighting of the east is binding upon west and vice versa i.e. the sighting of west is similarly binding on east.” [Fatawa Rizwi; Vol 4 page 568, Urdu edition]

Is the idea for all Muslims to fast on one day something new?

No. Here’s what the Hanafi scholars say..

Imam Kasanee said in his book Bada as-Sana’i said that following other than one sighting for the whole Ummah is an innovation [bid’a]. This indicates how weak he felt that the other Ijtihad is.

Imam Juzairi in his book The Fiqh of the Four Schools of Thought [Vol 1] gives two views of the Hanafis about this:

1) The sighting of the moon by any Muslim should be accepted whether slave, free, man or woman without inquiring whether they are just or not,

2) The justness [of the witness] should be verified by a judge [Qadi].

This all sounds simple – so what reasons do people use for not fasting on one day?

Reason 1 – Times of fasting differ for each region, like prayer times

Reason 2 – The Companions didn’t fast on one day..

We’ll also look at

• Using calculations to decide the new moon

• The idea of ‘sticking to the majority’

Reason 1 – times of fasting are like times of prayer – they’re different in each area

The thinking goes something like this…

Every country should start Ramadhan and celebrate Eid based on their own sighting of the moon, in the same way each region begins its prayer time according to the sun in that area.

The answer

It’s right to say that prayer times differ in each area, because they are based on the times the sun sets and rises – this happens at different times in each region.

So the times we Start fasting and Break fasting is different for each region.

Because Allah [s] says:

“And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appears to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast until the night appears” [2:187]

But the day we Start Ramadhan and Celebrate Eid must be the same all over the world

Because this is what the narrations have clearly indicated; and this is what is confirmed by the understanding deduced from the Shari’ah rule.

The difference in the rising of the new moon between the farthest two points in the world is not more than twelve hours. The classical scholars are excused for not understanding this deduction from the Shari’ah rule, because at the time they were not in a position to clearly realise the movements of the earth, sun and the new moon.

And now that the deduction made from the rule is understood, there are no excuses left for those who claim that the difference in the time of rising could exceed one day, let alone those who claim that it could be even a few days.

Reason 2 – The companions of the Prophet [s] did not fast at the same time

Kurayb said: “I arrived in Al-Sham and did business for her. It was there in Al-Sham that the month of Ramadhan began. I saw the new moon of Ramadhan on Friday.

“I then came back to Madina at the end of the month. Abdullah Ibnu Abbas [r] asked me about the new moon of Ramadhan and said: “When did you see it?”

I said: “We saw it on the night of Friday,”

He said: “Did you see it yourself?”

I said: “Yes, and the people also saw it and observed the fast and Mu’awiya [r] also observed the fast;

He said: “But we saw it on Saturday night. Some would continue to observe fast till we complete thirty (fasts) or we see it (the new moon of Shawwal).”

I said: “Is the sighting of the moon by Mu’awiya [r] not valid for you?”

He said: “No, this is how the Messenger of Allah [s] has commanded us.”

Another reason given by some is that the companions of one region would not fast at the same time as the companions of a different region. The evidence for this is taken from a report by Imam Muslim about Kurayb who reported

that a lady sent him to Mu’awiya [r] in Al-Sham for some business.

THE CLAIM

That Ibnu Abbas ignored the sighting of the people of Al-Sham and so at the end of the narration said: ‘…this is how the Messenger [s] has commanded us.’

Some people say that Ibnu Abbas learnt from the Messenger [s] that the people of one region are not obliged to fast on the sighting of another region.

It’s also said that this hadith explains and specifies the hadith : “ Fast when you see it and break fast when you see it.”

Some therefore claim that the people of each region are commanded to act on the sighting of the new moon in their region only and not in other regions. Therefore the beginning of fast and the beginning of Eid vary from one region to another, according to the times of rising of the moon.

THE ANSWER —

1. This report is not a hadith of the Messenger [s] but the legal opinion [ijtihad] of a companion.

2. The fact that Ibnu Abbas [r] did not act upon the sighting of the people of Al-Sham reflects his legal opinion [ijtihad] and it cannot be used as a Shari’ah evidence.

3. The reason for this is that when we have a hadith saying one thing and a legal opinin [ijtihad] saying something else – the hadith must be acted on and the legal opinion [ijtihad] has to be left.

4. The ijtihad of the sahabi cannot specify the general term of the hadith.

5. So when Ibnu Abbas said: “This is how the Messenger of Allah [s] commanded us”, this is not a hadith. It is just the way Ibnu Abbas understood

the hadith of the Prophet [s] in which the Messenger [s] said:

“Fast when you see it and break fast when you see it.”

This indicates that Ibnu Abbas understood the hadith as such; though he did not say the words: “This is how the Messenger [s] reported it,” nor did he say:

“This is how we learnt it from the Messenger [s].”

But he said: “This is how the Messenger [s] commanded us.”

What did Imam Al-Shawkani say about this hadith?

He said:…And what is referred in his saying: ‘This is how the Messenger [s] commanded us’, is his saying (i.e. Ibnu Abbas).

“…And the command of the Messenger [s] lies in the hadith extracted by Bukhari and Muslim, among others, with the following wording: “Do not fast till you see the new moon and do not break fast till you see the new moon, and if the sky

were cloudy, then complete it as thirty days.” And this does not specifically apply for the people of one region to the

exclusion of others, but to all the Muslims.” [Nayl ul-Awtar, volume 4, page 268]

Why can’t we use calculations?

Calculating the times when the new moon for Ramadhan and Eid – can’t replace an actual sighting of the new moon with the human eye.

The reason for this is that the narrations which mention when to start fasting and end fasting mention seeing the moon with the eyes themselves.

What role can calculation play?

Calculations can help us know around what time the new moon will be born and therefore the right time to start looking out for the new moon.

What role can’t calculation play?

Governments who use these calculations instead of the sighting, their actions contradict the Qur’an and hadith. Therefore their actions are haram/unlawful and the Muslims are forbidden from relying on their announcements.

Why?

All the narrations about the sighting of the moon use the word “ru’yatehe” which comes from the word “ra’a” to refer to the sighting.

People who support the idea of calculating the birth of the moon for Ramadan say this word means ‘knowledge’. So as long as we have ‘knowledge’ of when the new moon is born we should fast. And using calculations helps us come to this knowledge This is a misuse the word “ra’a”. The word ra’a could mean knowledge. But it’s not right to apply this meaning here because of the following two reasons:

When referring to a single object, “ra’a” means to visualize that object through the eye, i.e. he saw the moon. However,

if ra’a refers to two objects, it could mean to know, i.e. he knew the correct opinion.

Ra’a + 1 object [like the moon] = see with the eyes

Ra’a + 2 objects = knowledge

If ra’a is used in reference to a physical object, it means to visualize the object through the eye. However, if it is used

to present an idea or an abstract thing – like love – then it could mean knowledge.

Ra’a + physical object [like the moon] = see with the eyes

Ra’a + abstract object [like love] = knowledge

The moon is a single, physical, object. This is why the narrations which use the word ‘ru’yatehe’ refer to the moon, mean to see the moon with the eyes.

Isn’t the rule to see the moon for illiterate people? And since we Muslims are no longer uneducated, surely the rule no longer applies?

Umar (r) reported that the Prophet [s] said: “We are unlettered people (ummiyah), we neither write nor calculate. The month is this way and that, sometimes 29 days and sometimes 30.”

Those who calculate the first day of Ramadhan and Eid say that the command in this hadith, i.e. to ‘sight’ the moon, is accompanied by a reason (illah) which justifies the command.

This justification is that the Ummah was unlettered (“We neither write nor calculate”), ie we are illiterate.

If the Ummah is no longer illiterate and is able to write and calculate, we must rely on calculation alone and not sight.

However, this argument is wrong because…

There’s no reason [illah] in the hadith

Umar (r) reported that the Prophet [s] said: “We are unlettered people (ummiyah), we neither write nor calculate. The month is this way and that, sometimes 29 days and sometimes 30.”

1. The description of the Ummah in this Hadith, “ummiyah”, does not imply a legal reason [illah].

“Ummiyah” could mean “Arab”. “We neither write [naktub] or calculate [nahsib]…” [TMQ 62:2].

2. ‘Calculate’ [nahsib] does not mean general calculations because Muslims were commanded by the Shar’iah to follow the laws of Zakah and inheritance etc. even at the time of the Prophet [s] – which do involve lots of calculations.

3. ‘Calculate’ [nahsib] in the hadith carries several meanings – such as:

• We don’t use astronomical calculations to determine the legal Shari’i beginning and end of the month;

• nor do we practice astrology, etc.

Therefore the claim that the hadith describes the condition of the Ummah at the time of the Prophet [s]

is false.

And the claim that this condition serves as an illah is also wrong.

There’s no analogy in ritual worships Even if this “condition” were considered a reason [illah] – analogy

[qiyas] on this issue is invalid.

Why?

1. There can be no analogy [qiyas] in ritual worships (Ibadaat).

2. This analogy contradicts the definite meaning in narrations which clearly show that the cause [sabab] for fasting is the

sighting of the moon.

• Therefore, it is quite clear that the arguments presented to “justify” the beginning of Ramadan through the use of calculations are invalid and haram.

• The only way to determine the arrival of Ramadan is through sighting the moon.

What did some of the classical scholars say about calculating the sighting of the moon?

Imam Malik bin Anas (ra) said:

“If you see an Imam who does not begin and end fasting by way of sighting, but begins fasting by calculation,

he should not be followed in prayer or emulated.” [as reported in the Tafseer of Al-Qurtabi from Ibn Nafi’e [r]]

Ibn Al’Arabi, the renowned scholar said:

“Some of our people made a mistake when they reported that Imam Shaf’i relied on calculations…The report is baseless and falsehood.” [Tafseer Al-Qurtabi]

What about sticking with the majority – surely we have enough splits with the Ummah?

Some people claim that Muslims must follow what the majority are practicing. They attempt to misquote Islamic texts about “holding on to the Jama’a (group)”. They misinterpret these to mean the ‘Jumhoor’ (majority).

Islam has obliged sticking to the jama’ah [group] of Muslims under an Imam (Khalifah).

Islam did not oblige sticking to the majority.

Al-Bukhari narrated about Bisr ibn Obaydellah al-Hadhrami that he heard Abu Idrees al-Khoolani say that he heard Huthaifah ibn al-Yaman saying:

“The people used to ask the Prophet [s] about the good and I used to ask him about the bad in fear that it might catch me.

So I said: O Prophet of Allah! We were in times of ignorance and mischief then Allah brought us this good, so is there any mischief after this good?

He [s] said: Yes.

I said: Will there be any good after that mischief?

He said: Yes, and it has smoke.

I said: What is its smoke?

He said: (Some) people guide without any guidance, you recognise some (from them) and deny some.

I said: Will there be a mischief after that good?

He said: Yes, (some) people who invite at the doors of hell, whoever accepted their invitation they throw him in it (hell).

I said: O Prophet of Allah, describe them to us.

He said: They are of our own skin (of our people) and talk our language.

I said: What do you order me to do if that (matter) caught me?

He said: Adhere to the jama’ah of Muslims and their Imam.

I said: What if the Muslims have no jama’ah nor an Imam?

He said: Then you abandon all those groups, even if you have to grab with your teeth the trunk of a tree till death comes to you as such.”

What is this hadith asking us to do?…

What is this hadith asking us to do?

This hadith is clear that the Prophet [s] orders Muslims to adhere to the group [jama’ah] of Muslims and to adhere to their Imam, and to leave those who invite people to the doors of hell.

When the questioner asked him that in case the Muslims have no Imam and no jama’ah what he has to do in regard with those who call at the doors of hell – the Prophet [s] or dered him to abandon them.

The Prophet [s] did not ask him to disconnect himself from the Muslims or to stay away from working to establishing an Imam.

So his order is clear, disassociate yourself from all those groups who call at the doors of hell, and he emphasised the dissociation of those groups even to the extent that his isolation from them would make him clench to the trunk of a tree until death comes to him.

It means adhere to your deen by staying away from the misleading callers who are at the doors of hell.

In this hadith there is no excuse or permission (for anybody) to abandon the work for establishing a Khaleefah. The sin will remain on him if he does not work to establish a Khaleefah.

The concept of following the majority rather than following Islam is not based on evidence from the Quran and Sunnah and contradicts many evidences about enjoining the good and forbidding the evil even in the face of hardship. The Prophet [s] said: “The master of martyrs is Hamza, and a man who stands up to a tyrant ruler and gives him advice [nasiha]- and so the ruler kills him.”

The disease of nationalism

The disease of nationalism has affected us.

Why is it people follow only the sighting in their nation?

Who has created the borders between these nations?

Why is it that in Delhi, people will follow the sighting in any other part of India but not of Pakistan when it is geographically closer than many parts within India itself like Kerala or Tamil Nadu.

In Pakistan people will not follow the sighting of Bangladesh but before 1971 when it was East Pakistan they would, why?

The Messenger [s] said:

“He is not one of us who calls for nationalism or who fights for nationalism or who dies for nationalism.”

That’s why starting Ramadhan and celebrating Eid on one day is an obligation.

If a Muslim country announces that the sighting of a new moon has been confirmed according to the lawful way- for the beginning of Ramadhan or for the day of Eid – then you have to fast or celebrate Eid.

It is forbidden to wait for a ruler or scholar in your part of the world to give you permission to fast.

Mu’az narrated: I said: O Messenger of Allah. What do you think if we had leaders who do not follow your Sunnah and do not adopt your order; in what do you order regarding their affair? The Messenger of Allah [s] said: “There is no obedience to the one who does not obey Allah ‘azza wa jall.”

Imam Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurayrah: that “The Messenger of Allah [s] forbade fasting on two days, the day of al-Adha and the day of al-Fitr”. as, Shaytan fasts on these days.
It is now upto us to look for evidence and strong references to decide and perform in the best interest of Muslim Ummah’s unity.

Human Dignity & Rights as per Prophet Muhammad’s PBUH Last Sermon

21 Nov

For last 1400 years, Islam grants the greatest importance to Human dignity & rights. The individuals & organizations blaming Islam for any evils around the world need to take a serious account & not molest the truth.

Below is an account of Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) Hajj sermon & comments regarding its applicability to human dignity.

I thought this need to be highlighted to all societies.

[This sermon was delivered by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H. in the ‘Uranah valley of Mount Arafat’ (in Mecca)]

After praising, and thanking Allah he said:

“O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.

Here, the Prophet PBUH declared an obligation upon anybody who comes across this sermon, to ensure its transmission to other people who could not have knowledge of it. He didn’t want people to be running after others to get it, and asked to pass this on in a more dignified manner to those who were not present.

O People, just as you regard this month, this day, and this city as Sacred, so regard the life (dignity) and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust.

Here, He regarded the greatest value ever to a human being & his property in the history of mankind. He regarded them to be more sacred than the holiest month of Zil-Haj, day of Arafah & Makkah city.

Students of religion are well aware of the sanctity of 1st ten days of Zil-Haj, the day of Arafah / Hajj and sacredness of City of Makkah. Declaring a human being & his property more sacred than above indicates the esteem of Human Dignity beyond any virtually comprehendible limits. Can anybody give more sanctity or respect to a human?

Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners.

So that the lenders don’t have to feel embarrassed by running after to get their righteous assets back.

Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you.

There’s no question of hurting others by anyone who claims to be from Islam, rather we should focus on prevention of harm to others, which eventually will ensure our own security.

Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn ‘Abd’al Muttalib (Prophet’s uncle) shall henceforth be waived…

The capitalism based on the interest system accumulates the money with few individuals, thereby denying the rightly admissible share of prosperity to the majority of hard-working labour class. The Prophet PBUH categorically shunned away this practice, surrendering his family’s benefit first of all, thereby setting an example to wave off interest.

Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.

Satan leads us astray and creates frustration amongst us; as a reaction to which, we feel insecure & try to grab share of others to address our unknown fears. The Prophet PBUH advised us to remain aware of Satan’s tactics, as he will mis-guide us in minor issues, thus corroding the very roots of a welfare society, which will address the rights of selected ones only. If we understandably get guidance for all issues of our life from Quran & Authentic Hadith, Dignity of a common person will be automatically ensured.

O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.

Islam is the first authentic source that granted more rights to women than even men. Before this women were treated like animals or consumable household things. The Prophet PBUH declared that provision of dignified rights, clothing & feeding be catered seriously by caretaker men.

O People, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.

Here, He guides us to worship Allah alone, thereby denying any chance of human worship of any kind. As per authentic Hadith, “Agreeing to declaration of right or wrong laws by any human, including the scholars (without proper Islamic reference) tantamount to worshipping them”, thus required to be abstained from. It encompasses protection of human dignity by bowing before Allah alone. In a way, this discourages us to ignore following man-made laws that are in contradiction to the divine laws.

All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.

The dignity of human can’t be better emphasized than by declaring everybody to be equally related as a brother to other, except the one who does more good deeds. It has further been emphasized by declaring injustice to oneself, if one takes anything of other person illegitimately.

Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.

O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born.

Declaring Himself to be last of all Prophets has sealed any opportunity for us to take any other person superior than others, thus even not inferior, unless it is due to piety.

Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my example, the SUNNAH and if you follow these you will never go astray.

According to few scholars, the decline of Muslims started when they stopped pondering upon Allah’s instructions. We need to reason about things that are in practice and trace their roots.

The Prophet instructed us to reason well for understanding the Divine instructions. Having Quran & Sunnah reference, everybody is equal to seek guidance & practice it.

All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people”.

Its not just the Scholars, but everybody has the responsibility to convey this message to others.